Sources:

https://web.archive.org/web/20190401064742/https://cricketarchive.com/Miscellaneous/Rain_Rule_Methods.html

http://static.cricinfo.com/db/ABOUT_CRICKET/RAIN_RULES/AUS_RAIN_RULE

http://static.cricinfo.com/db/ABOUT_CRICKET/RAIN_RULES/ICC_RAIN_RULE

https://www.espncricinfo.com/story/a-biology-inspired-rain-rule-for-t20s-917955

https://www.birminghamleague.org/Download/Handbook_2021.pdf

https://p.imgci.com/db/DOWNLOAD/100/0145/DLSvsKleiber.pdf

If it is known that some sort of rain rule was used but the details of exactly which method was used is not, the method is shown as unknown.

In the notes which follow, **team1** means the team batting first and **team2** means the team batting second.

There are two possibilities, either a team was chasing a recalculated target following an interruption earlier in the match (in which case the target is calculated on the basis of the score needed by **team2** in the revised number of overs) or else there is a terminal interruption (when there is an interruption and no further play is possible). A team could already be chasing a revised target because of an earlier interruption when a terminal interruption occurs necessitating a further recalculation.

### Adjusted highest scoring overs

Compare the maximum runs scored by **team1** in any set of overs (not necessarily consecutive) equal to the number of completed overs received by **team2** factored down by 0.5% per over lost against **team2** in those completed overs. So if **team2** received 36.3 overs in a 50-over match, their score after 36 overs is compared to the highest scoring 36 overs of **team1'**s innings (so could be any 36 of the 50 overs) factored down by 7%.

Play was halted when South Africa had scored 19/0 from 5 overs against New Zealand's 256/7 from 50 overs. When play was able to resume, there was time for South Africa to receive 39 overs, so their target was revised to 229 as the highest scoring 39 overs of the New Zealand innings yielded 242 which was reduced by 5.5% for the loss of 11 overs.
**Birmingham League method**: New Zealand's run rate is 5.12 per over. 11 overs are lost. South Africa's required run rate is (100 + (11 x 1.2)) x 5.12 ÷ 100 = 113.2 x 5.12 ÷ 100 = 5.80. Then 5.80 x 32 = 226.2 = 227 (rounded up).
**DLS method**: The target for South Africa in 39 overs is 224.
**Highest scoring overs**: The target for South Africa in 39 overs is 243.
**VJD method**: The target for South Africa in 39 overs is 219.

### Birmingham League method

The target run rate shall be calculated by using the following formula: (100 + {B x 1.2}) x C ÷ 100

B = difference in the number of overs received by each team.

C = average run rate per over achieved by the team batting first.

Average run rate per over = Innings total / number of overs allocated.

Note 1: The run rate of both the first and second innings shall be calculated to two decimal places.

Note 2: After any interruption during the first innings and time is lost, the formula shall be applied, and the adjusted run rate shall be agreed by the umpires and both scorers before the start of the second innings. Once agreed, it shall be final unless there is a further interruption and time is lost during the second innings.

Note 3: If there are any interruptions to play during the second innings and time is lost, the formula shall be re-applied and the run rate for the innings shall be re-calculated on each occasion.

Note 4: After any interruption during the second innings and time is lost, the adjusted run rate shall be agreed by the umpires and both scorers prior to the re-commencement of play and, once agreed, shall be final unless there are any further interruptions.

### Clark curves method

For any interruption there are tables based on Clark Curves which give the revised target figure. In some types of interruption there is a calculation that involves a ratio of final score to wickets remaining to give a second figure and then using the lower of the two in the calculation.

Rain between innings after South Africa had scored 278/8 from 50 overs resulted in an adjusted target for India of 251 in 40 overs.
**Birmingham League method**: South Africa's run rate is 5.56 per over. 10 overs are lost. India's required run rate is (100 + (10 x 1.2)) x 5.56 ÷ 100 = 112 x 5.56 ÷ 100 = 6.23. Then 6.23 x 40 = 249.2 = 250 (rounded up).
**DLS method**: The target for India in 40 overs is 247.
**VJD method**: The target for India in 40 overs is 242.

### Consecutive overs or run rate

**Team2** had to exceed both the score achieved by **team1** in their last number of overs received by **team2** and also **team1'**s overall runs per over through their complete innings. The latter was to allow for a team slowing down after a fast start to their innings. So if **team2** were to receive 36 overs in a 50-over match, they had to exceed **team1'**s total runs for overs to 15 to 50 and also **team1'**s runs per over for their 50 overs (still based on 50 overs if bowled out).

Play was halted when New Zealand had scored 115/1 against Australia's 239/6 from 47 overs. When play resumed the New Zealand innings was reduced to 40 overs and the target revised to 204 as Australia had scored 203 in the last 40 overs of their innings. A further interruption ended play with New Zealand behind Australia's run rate.
**Birmingham League method**: Australia's run rate is 5.09 per over. 7 overs are lost. New Zealand's required run rate is (100 + (7 x 1.2)) x 5.09 ÷ 100 = 108.4 x 5.09 ÷ 100 = 5.52. Then 5.52 x 40 = 220.8 = 221 (rounded up).

### Countback to score at equivalent point of team1

Compare the **team1** score after the exact number of overs received by **team2**.

Derbyshire batted first and scored 68/9 from 16 overs. Essex had reached 40/3 from 10 overs when play was halted, so their score was compared to the Derbyshire score after 10 overs of their innings (38).
**Birmingham League method**: Derbyshire's run rate was 4.25 per over. 6 overs are lost. Essex's required run rate is (100 + (6 x 1.2)) x 4.25 ÷ 100 = 107.2 x 4.25 ÷ 100 = 4.56. Then 4.56 x 10 = 45.6 = 46 (rounded up).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Derbyshire scored 4.25 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.1875. Essex lost 6 overs. 3.1875 * 6 = 19.125. Target = 68 + 1 - 19.125 = 49 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: Derbyshire scored 68 runs from 16 overs of which there were no maidens (4.25 per over). Essex scored 40 runs from 10 overs of which 1 was a maiden (4.44 per over).
**Run rate**: Derbyshire scored 68 runs from 16 overs (4.25 per over). Essex scored 40 runs from 10 overs (4.00 per over).

### Countback to score at equivalent last completed over of team1

Compare the team1 score after the number of completed overs received by **team2**, i.e. ignoring an incomplete over in the **team2** innings.

Play was halted when Northamptonshire had reached 108/4 from 17.4 overs so their score after 17 overs (105) was compared to the Hampshire score after 17 overs of their innings (90).

### Duckworth-Lewis-Stern method (formerly Duckworth/Lewis method)

For any interruption there are tables which give the revised target based on the resources left at the time of any interruption. Unlike most other methods, the Duckworth–Lewis–Stern (DLS) tables take account of the number of wickets a team had left at the point of interruption. The tables have been revised over the years to follow trends in scoring rates in matches, and in early years a tie was not usually a possible result which it is now that the par score is rounded.

Example (D/L method): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/carlton-series-2000-01-61080/west-indies-vs-zimbabwe-7th-match-65607/full-scorecard

Play was halted when West Indies had scored 235/6 from 47 out of their allocated 50 overs. When play was able to resume Zimbabwe's target was adjusted to 253 in 47 overs, the higher score being to compensate the West Indies for Zimbabwe having to bat for three less overs but still having their full 10 wickets to use.
**DLS method**: The target is 255.
**VJD method**: The target is 251.

### East League Calculator Method

For a terminal interruption, there are tables which give a revised par score based on the resources left when the match had to be ended.

### Factored run rate

The required run rate of **team2** at the beginning of their innings is calculated by increasing **team1'**s run rate by a percentage factor per over lost. The required run rate at the start of the innings is unaltered if there is a subsequent interruption including the case where the team batting second's innings was still 50 overs. A tie is only possible if the calculation leads to an integer.
For example, **team1** score 225 in 45 of their 50 overs when rain stops play and prevents a resumption until 40 overs remain. **Team2'**s required run rate is 102.5% in the case where each over lost is an increase of 0.5% (5 overs lost) so 225 * 102.5 / 100 = 230.625 so 231 to win (and 230 is a loss).

### Highest scoring consecutive overs

Compare the maximum runs scored by **team1** in any consecutive set of overs equal to the number of completed overs received by **team2** against the **team2** in those completed overs. So if **team2** received 36.3 overs their score after 36 overs is compared to the highest consecutive 36 overs of **team1'**s innings (so that might be overs 1 to 36, 2 to 37, ..., 15 to 50). An incomplete **team2** over was counted if there were more runs scored in it than the corresponding extra full over that would have been counted for **team1**. Any further interruptions resulted in a target being calculated on the average runs per over derived from the first interruption.

### Highest scoring overs

Compare the maximum runs scored by **team1** in any set of overs (not necessarily consecutive) equal to the number of completed overs received by **team2** against **team2** in those completed overs. So if **team2** received 36.3 overs, their score after 36 overs is compared to the highest scoring 36 overs of **team1'**s innings (so could be any 36 of the 50 overs).

Example: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-cup-1991-92-60924/england-vs-south-africa-2nd-sf-65155/full-scorecard

(1992 World Cup semi-final between England and South Africa)

Play was halted when South Africa had scored 231/6 from 42.5 overs against England's 252/6 from 45 overs. When play was able to resume, there was time for South Africa to receive only one more ball (43 overs in total), so their target was revised to 252 by discarding the two maiden overs in the England innings, one of which yielded one extra.
**Adjusted highest scoring overs**: England's highest 43 overs totalled 252. 2 overs were lost, so 1% is deducted. 252 * 99 / 100 = 149.48 = 250 (round up).
**Birmingham League method**: England's run rate is 5.60 per over. 2 overs are lost. South Africa's required run rate is (100 + (2 x 1.2)) x 5.60 ÷ 100 = 102.4 x 5.60 ÷ 100 = 5.73. Then 5.73 x 43 = 246.39 = 247 (rounded up).
**DLS method**: The target for South Africa in 43 overs is 258.

### ICC rain rule

If the innings of **team2** is delayed or interrupted and it is not able to receive its full quota of overs, the target score shall be calculated as follows: the score of **team1** shall be multiplied by the percentage factor for the number of overs to be bowled to **team2**, as set out on the Target Score Calculation Chart. Fractions shall be rounded to the next higher whole number.

The percentage factors have been derived from a detailed mathematical analysis of a database of one day matches with the object of establishing "normal" performance.

Overs | % Factor |
---|---|

25 | 66.7 |

26 | 68.4 |

27 | 70.2 |

28 | 72.4 |

29 | 74.2 |

30 | 76.0 |

31 | 77.8 |

32 | 79.1 |

33 | 80.9 |

34 | 82.2 |

35 | 84.0 |

36 | 85.3 |

37 | 86.7 |

38 | 88.0 |

39 | 89.3 |

40 | 90.7 |

41 | 92.0 |

42 | 92.9 |

43 | 94.2 |

44 | 95.1 |

45 | 96.0 |

46 | 96.7 |

47 | 97.8 |

48 | 98.7 |

49 | 99.6 |

50 | 100.0 |

For example, **team1** score 188. The innings of **team2** is limited to 37 overs:

188 * 86.7% = 162.996

Target score = 163 runs

Note: This gives absolutely no indication of how a match should be treated when the first side does not face 50 overs, and the second side faces even fewer overs. For example, in the 1995/96 India-Pakistan match in Singapore:

India: 226/8 off 47.1 overs

Pakistan target: 187 off 33 overs

Here is how I made it work:

Target = 226 * ( 33 over factor / 47.1 over factor )
= 226 * ( 80.9 / 97.9 ) where 97.9 is an estimation of the 47.1 factor (47 ov = 97.8%)
= 186.75587
= 187

Actual result: Pakistan made 190/2 from 28 overs. Pakistan won by 8 wickets (with 30 balls remaining).
**Birmingham League method**: India's run rate is 4.79 per over. 14.1 overs are lost. Pakistan's required run rate is (100 + ((14 + 1/6) x 1.2)) x 4.79 ÷ 100 = 117 x 4.79 ÷ 100 = 5.60. Then 5.60 x 33 = 184.8 = 185 (rounded up).
**DLS method**: The target for Pakistan in 33 overs is 199.
**Countback to score at equivalent point of team1** and **Countback to score at equivalent last completed over of team1**: After 28 overs, India were 118/2.
**Factored run rate**: India scored 4.791519435 runs per over. 14.1 overs were lost, so 7.08333% (0.5 * 14.16666) is added. The adjusted run rate is 4.791519435 * 107.08333 / 100 = 5.130918728. Then 5.130918728 * 33 = 169.320318 (170 is a win, 169 is a loss).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: India scored 4.71 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.5325. Pakistan lost 14.1 overs. 3.5325 * (14 + 1/6) = 50.04375. Target = 226 + 1 - 50.04375 = 176 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: India scored 226 off 47.1 overs of which 1 was a maiden (4.90 runs per over). Pakistan scored 190 in 28 overs of which 1 was a maiden (7.04 per over).
**Run rate**: India scored 226 off 47.1 overs (4.79 runs per over). Pakistan scored 190 in 28 overs (6.79 per over).
**VJD method**: The target for Pakistan in 33 overs is 187.

Below is a modified version based on the original. Using the original version, I found that a quadratic formula best fitted the original. This version is a ball-by-ball version from 20 to 50 overs. It starts at 20 overs because that is the minimum overs each side must face to require a result under current ODI laws, whereas the minimum was 25 overs per side when the original version was released.

Overs | % Factor |
---|---|

20 | 55.7 |

20.1 | 56.1 |

20.2 | 56.5 |

20.3 | 56.8 |

20.4 | 57.2 |

20.5 | 57.6 |

21 | 58.0 |

21.1 | 58.3 |

21.2 | 58.7 |

21.3 | 59.1 |

21.4 | 59.4 |

21.5 | 59.8 |

22 | 60.1 |

22.1 | 60.5 |

22.2 | 60.9 |

22.3 | 61.2 |

22.4 | 61.6 |

22.5 | 61.9 |

23 | 62.3 |

23.1 | 62.6 |

23.2 | 63.0 |

23.3 | 63.3 |

23.4 | 63.7 |

23.5 | 64.0 |

24 | 64.4 |

24.1 | 64.7 |

24.2 | 65.0 |

24.3 | 65.4 |

24.4 | 65.7 |

24.5 | 66.0 |

25 | 66.4 |

25.1 | 66.7 |

25.2 | 67.0 |

25.3 | 67.4 |

25.4 | 67.7 |

25.5 | 68.0 |

26 | 68.4 |

26.1 | 68.7 |

26.2 | 69.0 |

26.3 | 69.3 |

26.4 | 69.6 |

26.5 | 70.0 |

27 | 70.3 |

27.1 | 70.6 |

27.2 | 70.9 |

27.3 | 71.2 |

27.4 | 71.5 |

27.5 | 71.8 |

28 | 72.1 |

28.1 | 72.5 |

28.2 | 72.8 |

28.3 | 73.1 |

28.4 | 73.4 |

28.5 | 73.7 |

29 | 74.0 |

29.1 | 74.3 |

29.2 | 74.6 |

29.3 | 74.8 |

29.4 | 75.1 |

29.5 | 75.4 |

30 | 75.7 |

30.1 | 76.0 |

30.2 | 76.3 |

30.3 | 76.6 |

30.4 | 76.9 |

30.5 | 77.2 |

31 | 77.4 |

31.1 | 77.7 |

31.2 | 78.0 |

31.3 | 78.3 |

31.4 | 78.5 |

31.5 | 78.8 |

32 | 79.1 |

32.1 | 79.4 |

32.2 | 79.6 |

32.3 | 79.9 |

32.4 | 80.2 |

32.5 | 80.4 |

33 | 80.7 |

33.1 | 81.0 |

33.2 | 81.2 |

33.3 | 81.5 |

33.4 | 81.7 |

33.5 | 82.0 |

34 | 82.3 |

34.1 | 82.5 |

34.2 | 82.8 |

34.3 | 83.0 |

34.4 | 83.3 |

34.5 | 83.5 |

35 | 83.8 |

35.1 | 84.0 |

35.2 | 84.2 |

35.3 | 84.5 |

35.4 | 84.7 |

35.5 | 85.0 |

36 | 85.2 |

36.1 | 85.4 |

36.2 | 85.7 |

36.3 | 85.9 |

36.4 | 86.1 |

36.5 | 86.4 |

37 | 86.6 |

37.1 | 86.8 |

37.2 | 87.1 |

37.3 | 87.3 |

37.4 | 87.5 |

37.5 | 87.7 |

38 | 88.0 |

38.1 | 88.2 |

38.2 | 88.4 |

38.3 | 88.6 |

38.4 | 88.8 |

38.5 | 89.0 |

39 | 89.2 |

39.1 | 89.5 |

39.2 | 89.7 |

39.3 | 89.9 |

39.4 | 90.1 |

39.5 | 90.3 |

40 | 90.5 |

40.1 | 90.7 |

40.2 | 90.9 |

40.3 | 91.1 |

40.4 | 91.3 |

40.5 | 91.5 |

41 | 91.7 |

41.1 | 91.9 |

41.2 | 92.1 |

41.3 | 92.2 |

41.4 | 92.4 |

41.5 | 92.6 |

42 | 92.8 |

42.1 | 93.0 |

42.2 | 93.2 |

42.3 | 93.4 |

42.4 | 93.5 |

42.5 | 93.7 |

43 | 93.9 |

43.1 | 94.1 |

43.2 | 94.2 |

43.3 | 94.4 |

43.4 | 94.6 |

43.5 | 94.8 |

44 | 94.9 |

44.1 | 95.1 |

44.2 | 95.3 |

44.3 | 95.4 |

44.4 | 95.6 |

44.5 | 95.7 |

45 | 95.9 |

45.1 | 96.1 |

45.2 | 96.2 |

45.3 | 96.4 |

45.4 | 96.5 |

45.5 | 96.7 |

46 | 96.8 |

46.1 | 97.0 |

46.2 | 97.1 |

46.3 | 97.3 |

46.4 | 97.4 |

46.5 | 97.6 |

47 | 97.7 |

47.1 | 97.8 |

47.2 | 98.0 |

47.3 | 98.1 |

47.4 | 98.2 |

47.5 | 98.4 |

48 | 98.5 |

48.1 | 98.6 |

48.2 | 98.8 |

48.3 | 98.9 |

48.4 | 99.0 |

48.5 | 99.2 |

49 | 99.3 |

49.1 | 99.4 |

49.2 | 99.5 |

49.3 | 99.6 |

49.4 | 99.8 |

49.5 | 99.9 |

50 | 100.0 |

### Jayadevan's system

For any interruption, there are tables which give the revised target based on the resources left at the time of any interruption. Unlike most other methods the VJD tables take account of the number of wickets a team had left at the point of interruption. The tables also take account of the number of overs for which fielding restrictions apply.

Example: http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Scorecards/85/85164.html

### Kleiber method

This method is designed for T20 cricket, and its construction is based on the analogy between a team's run-scoring propensity and the metabolism rate in animals. The latter is governed by Kleiber's three-quarter power law, which states that the metabolic rate (B) varies with the mass (M) as B ∼ M^(3/4). If the resources of a team, which consist of the overs remaining and wickets in hand, are considered analogous to the mass, then the run-scoring ability of the team can be regarded as the analogue of the metabolism rate. Motivated by this analogy, we define the utilisable resource percentage of a team (on which the run-scoring depends on) as:

where O are the number of overs remaining and W are the number of wickets lost at the stage of the innings when the calculations are carried out.

This specific construction of the resource percentage formula is primarily driven by the requirement that the resources must diminish as the innings progresses and more wickets are lost. This model does a reasonable job of mimicking the progression of a typical T20 innings, thereby providing the confidence to employ it as a rain rule. It must also be noted that unlike the DLS and VJD methods, this model does not employ data from past matches in its construction, which is a unique aspect of the proposed model.

The determination of revised targets in interrupted games is simple and requires only the calculations of the resources of the two teams. If B1 is the resources utilised by Team1 in scoring S runs and B2 is the resources available for Team2, then the par score (to tie the match) is simply S*B2/B1 and the target is one added to the par score (both rounded off to the nearest integer). The effective resources for the teams are calculated by subtracting the resources lost, such as those due to multiple interruptions in either innings, from the resources available at the start. Since the Kleiber mathematical rule forms the basis of the resource calculations, the target obtained is referred to as the Kleiber target and the rain rule as the Kleiber rain rule.

### Lancashire League adjusted target

The adjusted target for **team2** is calculated by taking the number of overs by first computing the run rate of **team1** from runs scored divided by overs received (a part over is counted as a full one). If all out, then full allocation used for overs. Round the figure to two decimal places. 75% of this runs per over is then computed. The runs adjustment is then calculated from the adjusted runs per over multiplied by the number of overs lost. The target is the **team1** total minus the runs adjustment, then truncate, then add 1.

### Maidens ignored run rate

Compare the runs per over of **team1'**s complete innings against that of **team2** for the number of overs they received but ignoring maiden overs.

Example: http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Scorecards/47/47948.html

Play was halted when Pakistan had scored 155/6 from 43.5 overs of which 6 were maidens (4.096 runs per over) against West Indies 196/7 from 50 overs of which 7 were maidens (4.558 runs per over).
**Birmingham League method**: West Indies run rate is 3.92 per over. 6.1 overs are lost. Pakistan's required run rate is (100 + ((6 + 1/6) x 1.2)) x 3.92 ÷ 100 = 107.4 x 3.92 ÷ 100 = 4.21 . Then 4.21 x (43 + 5/6) = 184.538333 = 185 (rounded up).
**DLS method**: At 43.5 overs, the par score is 162.
**Run rate**: Pakistan scored 3.54 runs per over. West Indies scored 3.92 runs per over.
**VJD method**: At 43.5 overs, the par score is 160.

### Parabola (or norm – normal performance) method

The revised target for **team2** is based on a parabolic equation based on the number of overs and **team1'**s score (called the normal method as the equation was intended to simulate the norm in a particular situation).

Example: http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Scorecards/65/65621.html

A sandstorm during the interval reduced the number of overs for India to 46 in reply to Australia's 284/7 in 50 overs. The parabola equation has the factor for a reduction to 46 overs to be 96.7% so the target was adjusted to 276.
**Birmingham League method**: Australia's run rate is 5.68 per over. 4 overs are lost. India's required run rate is (100 + (4 x 1.2)) x 5.68 ÷ 100 = 104.8 x 5.68 ÷ 100 = 5.95. Then 5.95 x 46 = 273.7 = 274 (rounded up).
**DLS method**: The target for India in 46 overs is 272.
**VJD method**: The target for India in 46 overs is 270.

### Run rate

Compare the runs per over of **team1'**s complete innings against that of **team2** for the number of overs they received.

Example: http://static.espncricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1970S/1971/ENG_LOCAL/SUNLG/LEICS_DERBY_SUNLG_06JUN1971.html

Play was halted when Leicestershire had scored 129/7 from 34 overs (3.794 runs per over) against Derbyshire's 149/8 from 40 overs (3.725 runs per over).
**Birmingham League method**: Derbyshire's run rate is 3.73 per over. 6 overs are lost. Leicestershire's required run rate is (100 + (4 x 1.2)) x 3.73 ÷ 100 = 104.8 x 3.73 ÷ 100 = 3.91. The par csore is 3.91 x 34 = 132.94 = 132 (rounded down).
**DLS method**: The par score for Leicestershire in 34 overs is 126.
**Factored run rate**: Derbyshire's run rate is 3.725 runs per over. 6 overs were lost, so 3% is added. 3.725 * 103 / 100 = 3.83675. Then 3.83675 * 34 = 130.4495 (131 is a win, 130 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 40 overs = 90.7%; 34 overs = 82.2%. Leicestershire's par score is 149 * 82.2 / 90.7 = 135 (round down).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Derbyshire's run rate is 3.725 runs per over. 75% of this equals 2.79375. 6 overs were lost; 6 * 2.79375 = 16.7625. Leicestershire's par score is 149 - 16.7625 = 132 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: Derbyshire shired 149 from 40 overs of which 2 were maidens (3.92 runs per over). Leicestershire scored 129 from 34 overs of which 3 were maidens (4.16 runs per over).
**VJD method**: The par score for Leicestershire in 34 overs is 128.

### Run rate wickets

Compare the runs per over of **team1'**s complete innings against that of **team2** for the number of overs they received but number of wickets **team2** allowed to use reduced.

### Runs per wicket on countback to score at equivalent point

Compare the **team1** runs per wicket figure after the exact number of overs received by **team2** against that of **team2**.

Example: http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Scorecards/32/32911.html

Play was halted when Northern Transvaal had scored 92/2 from 32 overs against Rhodesia's 235 all out from 59.2 of their 60 overs. Northern Transvaal's runs per wicket (46) was superior to the Rhodesia runs per wicket after 32 overs of their innings.
**Birmingham League method**: Rhodesia's run rate is 3.92 per over. 28 overs are lost. Northern Transvaal's required run rate is (100 + (28 x 1.2)) x 3.92 ÷ 100 = 133.6 x 3.92 ÷ 100 = 5.24. The par score is 5.24 x 32 = 167.68 = 167 (rounded down).

### Other examples

The examples given are from those not already given in other methods, using both real-life and hypothetical examples.

Cricket uses 6-ball overs, therefore 1 ball is 1/6 of an over.

Example 1: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-cup-1981-82-60816/australia-vs-west-indies-3rd-match-65321/full-scorecard

West Indies scored 236/8 from 49 overs when innings ended due to slow bowling by Australia. Australia's target was 237 from 49 overs.

Actual result: Australia scored 237/2 from 47 overs. Australia won by 8 wickets (with 12 balls to spare).
**DLS method**: The target for Australia in 49 overs is 243.
**VJD method**: The target for Australia in 49 overs is 239.

Example 2: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-cup-1981-82-60816/australia-vs-west-indies-15th-match-65333/full-scorecard

West Indies scored 189 all out from 50 overs. Australia were 168/7 from 43.1 overs when rain terminated the match.

Actual result: Australia won on run rate (3.89 vs 3.78 runs per over).
**Birmingham League method**: Australia scored 3.78 runs per over. 4.5 overs were lost. West Indies' required run rate is (100 + ((6 + 5/6) x 1.2)) x 3.78 ÷ 100 = 108.2 x 3.78 ÷ 100 = 4.09. The par score is 4.09 * (43 + 1/6) = 176.55166 = 176 (round down).
**DLS method**: The par score for Australia in 43.1 overs is 118.
**Factored run rate**: West Indies scored 3.78 runs per over. 6.5 overs were lost, so 3.41666% (0.5 * 6.83333) is added. The adjusted run rate is 3.78 * 103.41666 / 100 = 3.90915. Then 3.90915 * (43 + 1/6) = 168.744975 (169 is a win, 168 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 50 overs = 100%; 43.1 overs ~= 94.35%. The par score is 189 * 94.35 / 100 = 178.3215 = 178 (round down).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: West Indies scored 3.78 runs per over. 75% of this equals 2.835. Australia lost 6.5 overs. 2.835 * (6 + 5/6) = 19.3725. Par score = 189 - 19.3725 = 169 (round down).
**VJD method**: The par score for Australia in 43.1 overs is 163.

Example 3: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-1990-91-60910/england-vs-new-zealand-2nd-match-65466/full-scorecard

New Zealand scored 199/6 from 40 overs when innings ended due to slow bowling by England. England's target was 200 from 40 overs.

Actual result: England scored 192/9 from 40 overs.
**DLS method**: The target for England in 40 overs is 233.
**VJD method**: The target for England in 40 overs is 205.

Example 4: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-1990-91-60910/australia-vs-new-zealand-1st-match-65465/full-scorecard

Rain between innings after Australia had scored 236/9 from 43.5 overs resulted in an adjusted target for New Zealand of 236 in 40 overs.

Actual result: New Zealand scored 174/7 in 40 overs.
**Birmingham League method**: Australia scored 5.36 runs per over. 4.5 overs were lost. New Zealand's required run rate is (100 + ((3 + 5/6) x 1.2)) x 5.36 ÷ 100 = 104.98333 x 5.36 ÷ 100 = 5.63. The target is 5.63 * 40 = 225.2 = 226 (round up).
**DLS method**: The target for New Zealand in 40 overs is 225.
**Factored run rate**: Australia scored 5.384030418 runs per over. 6.1 overs were lost, so 3.08333% (0.5 * 6.16666) is added. The adjusted run rate is 5.384030418 * 103.08333 / 100 = 5.550038023. Then 5.550038023 * 40 = 222.0015209 (223 is a win, 222 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 43.5 overs ~= 94.95%; 40 overs = 90.7%. 236 * 90.7 / 94.95 = 225.4365456. Target is 226.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Australia scored 5.36 runs per over. 75% of this equals 4.02. New Zealand lost 3.5 overs. 4.02 * (3 + 5/6) = 15.41. Target = 236 + 1 - 15.41 = 221 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target for New Zealand in 40 overs is 215.

Example 5: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-cup-1982-83-60826/australia-vs-england-12th-match-65349/full-scorecard

England scored 228/6 from 47 overs when innings ended due to slow bowling by Australia. Australia's target was 229 from 47 overs.

Actual result: Australia scored 214/7 from 47 overs.
**DLS method**: The target for Australia in 47 overs is 248.
**VJD method**: The target for Australia in 47 overs is 244.

Example 6: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-cup-1982-83-60826/england-vs-new-zealand-14th-match-65351/full-scorecard

England were 45/3 from 17.3 overs when rain interrupted play. The match was reduced to 23 overs per side. England's final score was 88/7 from 23 overs. New Zealand's target was 89.

Actual result: New Zealand scored 89/3 from 20.3 overs.
**DLS method**: The target for New Zealand in 23 overs is 102.
**VJD method**: The target for New Zealand in 23 overs is 102.

Example 7: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-series-cup-1983-84-60835/australia-vs-west-indies-6th-match-65360/full-scorecard

West Indies scored 223/7 from 49 overs when innings ended due to slow bowling by Australia. Australia's target was 224 from 49 overs.

Actual result: Australia scored 195/9 from 49 overs.
**DLS method**: The target for Australia in 49 overs is 230.
**VJD method**: The target for Australia in 49 overs is 227.

Example 8: http://static.espncricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1999-2000/AUS_LOCAL/MMC/TAS_WA_MMC_12FEB2000.html and http://static.espncricinfo.com/db/ARCHIVE/1999-2000/AUS_LOCAL/MMC/TAS_WA_MMC_12FEB2000_RR-COMPARISON.html

Tasmania scored 233/7 from 50 overs. Western Australia were 138/5 after 31.3 overs when rain interrupted play. The maximum number of overs was reduced to 48 and the target to 229 (Duckworth/Lewis method).

Actual result: Western Australia were all out for 182 in 42.4 overs.
**Adjusted highest scoring overs**: The highest-scoring 48 overs totalled 233. Because 2 overs were lost, 1% is deducted. Western Australia's target is 233 * 99 / 100 = 230.67 = 231 (round up).
**Birmingham League method**: Tasmania scored 4.66 runs per over. 2 overs were lost. Western Australia's required run rate is (100 + 2 x 1.2) x 4.66 ÷ 100 = 102.4 x 4.66 ÷ 100 = 4.77. The target is 4.77 * 48 = 228.96 = 229 (round up).
**Consecutive overs or run rate**: Tasmania's last 48 overs totalled 226 (4.71 per over), while its overall run rate is 4.66 per over. The target is 227.
**Countback to score at equivalent point of team1** and **Countback to score at equivalent last completed over of team1**: Tasmania was 217/7 after 48 overs.
**DLS method**: The target for Western Australia in 48 overs is 230.
**Factored run rate**: Tasmania scored 4.66 runs per over. 2 overs were lost, so 1% is added. The adjusted run rate is 4.66 * 101 / 100 = 4.7066. Then 4.7066 * 48 = 225.9168 (226 is a win, 225 is a loss).
**Highest scoring overs**: The highest-scoring 48 overs for Tasmania totalled 233.
**ICC rain rule**: 50 overs = 100%; 48 overs = 98.7%. 233 * 98.7 / 100 = 229.971. Target is 230.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Tasmania scored 4.66 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.495. Western Australia lost 2 overs. 3.495 * 2 = 6.99. Target = 233 + 1 - 6.99 = 227 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target for Western Australia in 48 overs is 227.

Example 9: Scenario 2 from https://www.espncricinfo.com/story/numbers-game-a-comparison-of-two-rain-rules-567639

Team 1 score (20 overs) | D/L par score | VJD par score | DLS par score |
---|---|---|---|

200 | 95/6; 119/7 | 126/6; 145/7 | 108/6; 133/7 |

220 | 97/6; 121/7 | 139/6; 160/7 | 119/6; 147/7 |

240 | 96/6; 119/7 | 151/6; 174/7 | 131/6; 161/7 |

250 | 95/6; 118/7 | 158/6; 182/7 | 137/6; 168/7 |

260 | 94/6; 115/7 | 164/6; 189/7 | 143/6; 176/7 |

280 | 92/6; 111/7 | 177/6; 203/7 | 155/6; 190/7 |

Example 10: Example 1 of https://web.archive.org/web/20051030021837/http://www.icc-cricket.com/rules/odi_playing_conditions.pdf

Team1 reaches 79/3 after 20 overs when there is a suspension of play. It is decided to reduce the match to 40 overs per side. Team1 reaches 180 after 40 overs.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The target is 185.
**DLS method**: The target is 184.
**VJD method**: The target is 180.

Example 11: Example 2 of https://web.archive.org/web/20051030021837/http://www.icc-cricket.com/rules/odi_playing_conditions.pdf

In a 45-over match, Team1 scores 212 in its allocated 45 overs. Rain fells between innings, reducing Team2's innings to 35 overs.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The target is 185.
**DLS method**: The target is 188.
**Factored run rate**: Team1 scored 4.7111 runs per over. 10 overs were lost, so 5% is added. The adjusted run rate is 4.7111 * 105 / 100 = 4.9467. Then 4.9467 * 35 = 173.1333 (174 is a win, 173 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 35 overs = 84.0%; 45 overs = 96.0%. 212 * 84.0 / 96.0 = 185.5. Target is 186.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Team1 scored 4.71 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.5325. Team2 lost 10 overs. 3.5325 * 10 = 35.325. Target = 212 + 1 - 35.325 = 177 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target is 184.

Example 12: Example 3 of https://web.archive.org/web/20051030021837/http://www.icc-cricket.com/rules/odi_playing_conditions.pdf

Team1 scores 250 in its allocated 50 overs. Team2 were 40/1 after 12 overs when rain fell, reducing Team2's innings to 40 overs.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The target is 218.
**DLS method**: The target is 221.
**Factored run rate**: Team1 scored 5 runs per over. 10 overs were lost, so 5% is added. The adjusted run rate is 5 * 105 / 100 = 5.25. Then 5.25 * 40 = 210 (211 is a win, 210 is a tie, 209 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 40 overs = 90.7%; 50 overs = 100.0%. 250 * 90.7 / 100 = 226.75. Target is 227.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Team1 scored 5.00 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.75 . Team2 lost 10 overs. 3.75 * 10 = 37.5. Target = 250 + 1 - 37.5 = 213 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target is 216.

Example 13: Example 4 of https://web.archive.org/web/20051030021837/http://www.icc-cricket.com/rules/odi_playing_conditions.pdf

Team1 scores 250 in its allocated 50 overs. Team2 were 40/1 after 12 overs when rain fell, reducing Team2's innings to 40 overs. Team2 takes its score to 98/3 after 22 overs when rain fell, reducing Team2's innings to 38 overs. Team2 is 154/6 after 30.2 overs when rain washes out the match.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The par score is 159. Team 1 wins by 5 runs (D/L method).
**DLS method**: The par score is 163.
**Factored run rate**: Team1 scored 5 runs per over. 19.4 overs were lost, so 9.8333% is added. The adjusted run rate is 5 * 109.8333 / 100 = 5.4916. Then 5.4916 * (30 + 2/6) = 166.58 (167 is a win, 166 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 30.2 overs ~= 76.6%; 50 overs = 100.0%. 250 * 76.6 / 100 = 191.5. Target is 192.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Team1 scored 5.00 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.75. Team2 lost 10 overs. 3.75 * (19 + 4/6) = 73.75. Target = 250 + 1 - 73.75 = 177 (round down).
**VJD method**: The par score is 164.

Example 14: Example 5 of https://web.archive.org/web/20051030021837/http://www.icc-cricket.com/rules/odi_playing_conditions.pdf

Team1 scores 226/8 in 47.1 of the scheduled 50 overs. Rain then terminates Team1's innings and delays Team2's innings, reducing it to 33 overs.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The target is 194.
**DLS method**: The target is 199.
**Factored run rate**: Team1 scored 4.7915194346289 runs per over. 14.1 overs were lost, so 7.08333% is added. The adjusted run rate is 4.7915194346289 * 107.08333 / 100 = 5.1309187279151. Then 5.1309187279151 * 33 = 169.32031802119 (170 is a win, 169 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 47.1 overs ~= 97.95%; 33 overs = 80.9%. 226 * 80.9 / 97.95 = 186.66054109239. Target is 187.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Team1 scored 4.71 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.53125. India lost 14.1 overs. 3.53125 * (14 + 1/6) = 50.02604. Target = 226 + 1 - 50.02604 = 176 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target is 187.

Example 15: Example 6 of https://web.archive.org/web/20051030021837/http://www.icc-cricket.com/rules/odi_playing_conditions.pdf

Team1 scores 226/8 in 47.1 of the scheduled 50 overs. Rain then terminates Team1's innings and delays Team2's innings, reducing it to 33 overs. Team2 takes its score to 140/2 after 25 overs when weather reduced its innings to 28 overs.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The target is 158.
**DLS method**: The target is 161.
**Factored run rate**: Team1 scored 4.7915194346289 runs per over. 19.1 overs were lost, so 9.58333% is added. The adjusted run rate is 4.7915194346289 * 109.58333 / 100 = 5.2507067138908. Then 5.2507067138908 * 28 = 147.01978798586 (148 is a win, 147 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 47.1 overs ~= 97.95%; 28 overs = 72.4%. 226 * 72.4 / 97.95 = 167.04849412965. Target is 168.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Team1 scored 4.71 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.53125. India lost 19.1 overs. 3.53125 * (19 + 1/6) = 67.68229. Target = 226 + 1 - 67.68229 = 159 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target is 148.

Example 16: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/hero-honda-women-s-world-cup-1997-98-61222/india-women-vs-australia-women-1st-sf-67203/full-scorecard

Rain reduced the match to 32 overs per side. Australia scored 123/7 from 32 overs. India was reduced to 30 overs because of a slow over-rate, and the target was 124.

Actual result: India scored 104/9 from 30 overs.
**DLS method**: The target is 119.
**Factored run rate**: Australia scored 3.84375 runs per over. 2 overs were lost, so 1% is added. The adjusted run rate is 3.84375 * 101 / 100 = 3.8821875. Then 3.8821875 * 30 = 116.465625 (117 is a win, 116 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 32 overs = 79.1%; 30 overs = 76.0%. 123 * 76.0 / 79.1 = 118.17951959544. Target is 119.
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Australia scored 3.84 runs per over. 75% of this equals 2.88. India lost 2 overs. 2.88 * 2 = 5.76. Target = 123 + 1 - 5.76 = 118 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target is 120.

Example 17: https://theconversation.com/crickets-duckworth-lewis-method-how-to-work-out-who-wins-when-rain-interrupts-118442

Team1 bats for 20 overs, during which time two wickets are lost. There is then a break for rain, after which the match is reduced to 40 overs per side. They get through a further 15 overs, losing a further three wickets, but then the rain returns and puts an end to their innings at 150/5. Team2 has just 22 overs to bat by the time the rain has stopped.
**Duckworth/Lewis method**: The target is 137.
**DLS method**: The target is 135.
**Factored run rate**: Team1 scored 4.285714286 runs per over. 13 overs were lost, so 6.5% is added. The adjusted run rate is 4.285714286 * 106.5 / 100 = 4.564285714. Then 4.564285714 * 22 = 100.4142857 (101 is a win, 100 is a loss).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Team1 scored 4.29 runs per over. 75% of this equals 3.2175. Team2 lost 13 overs. 3.2175 * 13 = 41.8275. Target = 150 + 1 - 41.8275 = 109 (round down).
**VJD method**: The target is 135.

Example 18: Scenario 1 from https://www.espncricinfo.com/story/numbers-game-a-comparison-of-two-rain-rules-567639

Scenario | D/L method | VJD method | DLS method |
---|---|---|---|

50/0 in 20 overs, target in 20 | 140 | 113 | 129 |

50/1 in 20 overs, target in 20 | 115 | 108 | 108 |

50/2 in 20 overs, target in 20 | 95 | 103 | 90 |

100/0 in 20 overs, target in 20 | 179 | 170 | 179 |

100/1 in 20 overs, target in 20 | 172 | 164 | 170 |

100/2 in 20 overs, target in 20 | 163 | 158 | 160 |

Example 19: Scenario 3 from https://www.espncricinfo.com/story/numbers-game-a-comparison-of-two-rain-rules-567639

In a T20 match, Team1 scores 35 or 50 runs from 0, 1, or 2 wickets in 6 overs. Team2 has 6 overs.

Scenario | D/L method | VJD method | DLS method | Kleiber method |
---|---|---|---|---|

35/0 | 57 | 53 | 55 | 36 |

35/1 | 52 | 52 | 50 | 36 |

35/2 | 47 | 51 | 45 | 34 |

50/0 | 63 | 65 | 80 | 51 |

50/1 | 62 | 64 | 76 | 51 |

50/2 | 60 | 63 | 71 | 48 |

Example 20: http://ntca.tas.cricket.com.au/common/pages/public/rv/match.aspx?matchID=3798798&entityID=3190

Mowbray were bowled out for 142 (50 overs scheduled). Latrobe were 125/5 from 27 overs when rain washed out the match.

Actual result: The DLS par score was 86. Latrobe won by 39 runs (DLS method).
**Adjusted highest scoring overs**: Mowbray's best 27 overs totalled 127. 23 overs were lost, so 11.5% is deducted. Latrobe's par score is 127 * 88.5 / 100 = 112.395 = 112 (round down).
**Birmingham League method**: Mowbray's run rate is 2.84 per over. 23 overs are lost. Latrobe's required run rate is (100 + (23 x 1.2)) x 2.84 ÷ 100 = 127.6 x 2.84 ÷ 100 = 3.62. The par score is 3.62 x 27 = 97.74 = 97 (rounded down).
**Consecutive overs or run rate**: Mowbray's last 27 overs totalled 68 (2.52 per over); their overall run rate is 2.84 per over. Latrobe's par score is is 2.84 * 27 = 76.68 = 76 (round down).
**Countback to score at equivalent point of team1** and **Countback to score at equivalent last completed over of team1**: After 27 overs Mowbray were 95/3.
**Factored run rate**: Mowbray's run rate was 2.84 per over. 23 overs were lost, so 11.5% is added. 2.84 * 111.5 / 100 = 3.1666. Then 3.1666 * 27 = 85.4982 (86 is a win, 85 is a loss).
**Highest scoring overs**: Mowbray's best 27 overs totalled 127.
**ICC rain rule**: 50 overs = 100%; 27 overs = 70.2%. Latrobe's par score is 142 * 70.2 / 100 = 99.684 = 99 (round down).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Mowbray's run rate was 2.84 per over. 75% of this is 2.13. 23 overs were lost; 2.13 * 23 = 48.99. Latrobe's par score is 142 - 48.99 = 93 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: Mowbray scored 142 from 50 overs of which 6 were maidens (3.23 runs per over). Latrobe scored 125 from 27 overs of which 3 were maidens (5.21 runs per over).
**Run rate**: Mowbray scored 142 from 50 overs (2.84 runs per over). Latrobe scored 125 from 27 overs (4.63 runs per over).
**VJD method**: The par score was 85.

Example 21: http://ntca.tas.cricket.com.au/common/pages/public/rv/match.aspx?matchID=3798797&entityID=3190

Devonport scored 194/7 from 50 overs. Launceston were 157/4 from 29.5 overs when rain washed out the match.

Actual result: The DLS par score was 108. Launceson won by 49 runs (DLS method).
**Adjusted highest scoring overs**: Devonport's best 29 overs totalled 170. 21 overs were lost, so 10.5% is deducted. Launceston's par score is 170 * 89.5 / 100 = 152.15 = 152 (round down). After 29 overs Launceston were 152/4.
**Consecutive overs or run rate**: Devonport's last 29 overs totalled 137 (4.724137931 per over); their overall run rate is 3.88 per over. The par score in 29 overs is 137. After 29 overs Launceston were 152/4.
**Countback to score at equivalent point of team1**: After 29.5 overs Devonport were 93/3.
**Countback to score at equivalent last completed over of team1**: After 29 overs Devonport were 87/3; Launceston were 152/4.
**Factored run rate**: Devonport's run rate was 3.88 per over. 20.1 overs were lost, so 10.08333% is added. 3.88 * 110.08333 / 100 = 4.27123. Then 4.27123 * (29 + 5/6) = 127.4251278 (128 is a win, 127 is a loss).
**Highest scoring consecutive overs**: Devonport's best 29 conescutive overs is 137. After 29 overs Launceston were 152/4.
**Highest scoring overs**: Devonport's best 29 overs totalled 170. After 29 overs Launceston were 152/4.
**ICC rain rule**: 50 overs = 100%; 29.5 overs ~= 75.7%. Launceston's par score is 194 * 75.7 / 100 = 146.858 = 146 (round down).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Devonport's run rate was 3.88 per over. 75% of this is 2.91. 20.1 overs were lost; 2.91 * (20 + 1/6) = 58.685. Launceston's par score is 194 - 58.685 = 135 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: Devonport scored 194 from 50 overs of which 4 were maidens (4.22 runs per over). Launceston scored 157 from 29.5 overs of which 2 were maidens (5.64 runs per over).
**Run rate**: Devonport scored 194 from 50 overs (3.88 runs per over). Launceston scored 157 from 29.5 overs (5.26 runs per over).
**VJD method**: The par score was 106.

Example 22: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/icc-world-cup-1999-61046/india-vs-zimbabwe-8th-match-65200/full-scorecard

Zimbabwe scored 252/9 from 50 overs. India's innings was reduced to 46 overs because of a slow over-rate; the target remained at 253.

Actual result: India were bowled out for 249. Zimbabwe won by 3 runs.
**Adjusted highest scoring overs**: The highest-scoring 46 overs by Zimbabwe was 250. Because 4 overs were lost, 2% is deducted. India's target is 250 * 98 / 100 = 245.00 = 246 (round up).
**Consecutive overs or run rate**: Zimbabwe's last 46 overs totalled 235 (5.108695652 per over); their overall run rate is 5.04 per over. India's target is 236.
**Countback to score at equivalent point of team1** and **Countback to score at equivalent last completed over of team1**: After 46 overs Zimbabwe were 231/7.
**DLS method**: The target is 244.
**Factored run rate**: Zimbabwe's run rate was 5.04 per over. 4 overs were lost, so 2% is added. 5.04 * 102 / 100 = 5.1408. Then 5.1408 * 46 = 236.4768 (237 is a win, 236 is a loss).
**Highest scoring consecutive overs**: The highest-scoring 46 consecutive overs by Zimbabwe was 236.
**Highest scoring overs**: The highest-scoring 46 overs by Zimbabwe was 250.
**ICC rain rule**: 50 overs = 100%; 46 overs = 96.7%. India's target is 252 * 96.7 / 100 = 243.684 = 244 (round up).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Zimbabwe's run rate was 5.04 per over. 75% of this is 3.78. 4 overs were lost; 3.78 * 4 = 15.12. India's target is 252 + 1 - 15.12 = 237 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: Zimbabwe scored 252 from 50 overs of which 2 were maidens (5.25 runs per over). India scored 249 from 46 overs of which there were no maidens (5.41 runs per over).
**Run rate**: Zimbabwe scored 252 from 50 overs (5.04 runs per over). India scored 249 from 46 overs (5.41 runs per over).
**VJD method**: The target is 239.

Example 23: https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/benson-hedges-world-cup-1991-92-60924/australia-vs-india-12th-match-65129/full-scorecard

Australia scored 237/9 from 50 overs. India were 45/2 from 16.2 overs when rain halts play and reduces India's innings to 47 overs.

Actual result: India's target is 236 (Highest scoring overs). India were bowled out for 234. Australia won by 1 run.
**Adjusted highest scoring overs**: The highest-scoring 47 overs by Australia was 236. Because 3 overs were lost, 1.5% is deducted. India's target is 236 * 98.5 / 100 = 232.46 = 233 (round up).
**DLS method**: The target is 231.
**Factored run rate**: Australia's run rate was 4.74 per over. 3 overs were lost, so 1.5% is added. 4.74 * 101.5 / 100 = 4.8111. Then 4.8111 * 47 = 226.1217 (227 is a win, 226 is a loss).
**ICC rain rule**: 50 overs = 100%; 47 overs = 97.8%. India's target is 237 * 97.8 / 100 = 231.786 = 232 (round up).
**Lancashire League adjusted target**: Australia's run rate was 4.74 per over. 75% of this is 3.555. 3 overs were lost; 3.555 * 3 = 10.665. India's target is 237 + 1 - 10.665 = 227 (round down).
**Maidens ignored run rate**: Australia scored 237 from 50 overs of which 2 were maidens (4.94 runs per over). India scored 234 from 47 overs of which 4 were maidens (5.44 runs per over).
**Run rate**: Australia scored 237 from 50 overs (4.74 runs per over). India scored 234 from 47 overs (4.98 runs per over).
**VJD method**: The target is 228.

Example 24: https://p.imgci.com/db/DOWNLOAD/100/0145/DLSvsKleiber.pdf

Example | DLS target | Kleiber target |
---|---|---|

England 161 in 20 overs, rain at break. West Indies to chase in 9 overs. |
87 | 89 |

England 202 in 20 overs. South Africa 127/3 in 13 overs, match called off. |
123 | 123 |

England 191 in 20 overs. West Indies 30/0 in 2.2 overs, rain stops play. Match rescheduled to 6 overs. |
66 | 71 |

CSK 65/2 in 9 overs, rain delay and match reduced to 17 overs. CSK 131/4 in 17 overs. KTK to chase in 17 overs. |
136 | 134 |

DD 143 in 20 overs. Rain at break and SRH to chase in 15 overs. SRH 8/0 in 1.1 overs and match reduced to 12 overs. SRH 17/1 in 2 overs and match reduced to 5 overs |
117 in 15 98 in 12 44 in 5 |
116 in 15 98 in 12 48 in 5 |

DD 94/1 in 8.1 overs, rain reduces match to 11 overs. DD 118 in 11 overs. KXIP to chase in 11 overs. KXIP 94/3 in 8 overs, rain and match called off. |
130 in 11 89 |
135 in 11 92 |

South Africa 219 in 20 overs. India 71/1 in 7.5 overs, rain halts play and match called off. |
79 | 72 |

Afghanistan 185 in 20 overs. Canada 96/2 in 12 overs, play called off. |
101 | 98 |

Somerset 182 in 20 overs, rain at break. Notts to chase in 16 overs. Notts 117/4 in 13 overs, play called off. |
153 in 16 117 |
155 in 16 121 |

Perth Scorchers 193 in 20 overs, rain at break reduces Sydney Sixers chase to 5 overs. | 63 | 69 |

T&T 188 in 20 overs. Titans 153/6 in 17 overs, match called off. |
156 | 165 |

Sussex 104/0 in 9 overs, rain stops play and Surrey to chase in 5 overs. | 75 | 78 |

West Indies 22/2 in 5 overs, rain reduces match to 18 overs. West Indies 132 in 18 overs, New Zealand to chase in 18 overs. New Zealand 117/4 in 15 overs, play called off. |
133 in 18 106 |
133 in 18 107 |

Papua New Guinea 167 in 20 overs. Rain at break and Afghanistan to chase in 7 overs. |
73 | 77 |

Cape Cobras 96/4 in 13.1 overs, rain stopped play. Titans to chase in 10 overs. |
92 | 88 |

T&T Red Steel 169 in 20 overs, rain at break. Antigua Hawkbills to chase in 15 overs |
136 | 137 |

Nagenahira Nagas 47/3 in 9.1 overs, rain reduces match to 15 overs. Nagenahira Nagas 134/4 in 15 overs. Uva Next to chase in 15 overs. Uva Next 63/1 in 5.1 overs, play called off due to rain. |
136 in 15 41 |
137 in 15 39 |

Northern Districts 13/0 in 2 overs, rain causes play to be reduced to 12 overs. Northern Districts 142/4 in 12 overs, rain at break. Auckland to chase in 6 overs. |
81 | 87 |

Bahamas 97 all out in 19.3 overs Cayman Islands 45/2 in 8 overs, play called off. |
36 | 35 |

United Arab Emirates 123 in 20 overs. Ireland 103/3 in 14.2 overs, play called off. |
82 | 83 |

National Bank of Pakistan 127/4 in 17 overs, Rain stops play. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd to chase in 9 overs. |
85 | 87 |

CPL 2014 Final: Barbados Tridents 152/6 in 20 overs. Guyana Amazon Warriors 107/4 in 15.5 overs; rain and play called off. |
115 | 117 |

Eagles 131 in 20 overs, rain at break and Eastern Cape to chase in 17 overs. | 118 | 117 |

Perth Scorchers 159/1 in 15.2 overs. Match reduced to 18 overs, Scorchers 183/2 in 18. Rain at break and Melbourne Stars to chase in 13 overs. |
145 | 151 |

Ruhuna 134 in 20 overs. Nagenahira Nagas 77/2 in 12 overs, rain and play called off. |
104 | 98 |

Northern Districts 148 in 20 overs. Central Districts 34/1 in 5 overs, rain and match reduced to 12 overs. |
104 | 98 |

Hampshire 10/0 in 2 overs and game reduced to 18 overs. Hampshire 30/1 after 4 overs and rain reduces game to 16 overs. Hampshire 138/4 in 15.5 overs and rain stops play. Somerset to chase in 10 overs. |
98 | 101 |

### Comparison (real-life examples)

Example | DLS target | VJD target |
---|---|---|

New Zealand 256/7 in 50 overs. South Africa 19/0 in 5 overs; innings reduced to 39 overs. |
224 | 219 |

South Africa 278/8 in 50 overs. Target for India in 40 overs. |
247 | 242 |

West Indies 235/6 in 47 overs. Target for Zimbabwe in 47 overs. |
255 | 251 |

India 226/8 in 47.1 overs. Target for Pakistan in 33 overs. |
199 | 187 |

West Indies 196/7 in 50 overs. Pakistan 155/6 from 43.5 overs; match called off. |
163 | 161 |

Australia 284/7 in 50 overs. Target for India in 46 overs. |
272 | 270 |

40-over match. Derbyshire 149/8 in 40 overs. Leicestershire 129/7 from 34 overs; match called off. |
127 | 129 |

West Indies 236/8 in 49 overs. Target for Australia in 49 overs. |
243 | 239 |

West Indies 189 all out (50 overs). Australia 168/7 from 43.1 overs; match called off. |
118 | 163 |

New Zealand 199/6 in 40 overs. Target for England in 40 overs. |
233 | 205 |

Australia 236/9 in 43.5 overs. Target for New Zealand in 40 overs. |
225 | 215 |

England 228/6 in 47 overs. Target for Australia in 47 overs. |
248 | 244 |

England 45/3 in 17.3 overs; match reduced to 23 overs per side. England 88/7 in 23 overs. Target for New Zealand in 23 overs. |
102 | 102 |

West Indies 223/7 in 49 overs. Target for Australia in 49 overs. |
230 | 227 |

Tasmania 233/7 in 50 overs. Western Australia 138/5 in 31.3 overs; innings reduced to 48 overs. |
230 | 227 |

Match reduced to 32 overs per side. Australia 123/7 in 32 overs. Target for India in 30 overs. |
119 | 120 |

Mowbray all-out for 132 (50 overs). Latrobe 125/5 from 27 overs; match called off. |
87 | 86 |

Devonport 194/7 in 50 overs. Launceston 157/4 from 29.5 overs; match called off. |
109 | 107 |

Zimbabwe 252/9 in 50 overs. Target for India in 46 overs. |
244 | 239 |

Australia 237/9 in 50 overs. India 45/2 from 16.2; innings reduced to 47 overs. |
231 | 228 |